In a few weeks the long-awaited Next Generation EU funds will start arriving in Spain. Its management is going to be one of the most important challenges that we are going to face as a country, since it will shape the innovation, productivity and efficiency of our economy in the coming years. Specifying the objectives to be achieved with these funds will not be an easy task. It is clear that they are granted to boost the economies damaged by the pandemic by promoting innovative production models. The areas of interest and lines of action have already been defined. And, with great consensus, it is understood that they will be the pillars of the future economy. So far, so good.